Educational Slides

Here is a running, updated log of the educational slides posted to the main twitter page (



Eyelid Anatomy
Extraocular Muscles
Spiral of Tillaux
Anatomy of the Cornea
Lens Anatomy
Ciliary Body Anatomy
Anatomy of the Macula
Vertical Pathway of Light
Retina Histology, Anatomy, and OCT
Optic Nerve Head Anatomy
Vitreous Anatomy
Culture Media
“-ettes” in Pathology
Thyroid Eye Disease


Corneal Optics
SRK/IOL Calculations
IOL Calculations/Formula History
Refractive Index of the Cornea
Zernike Polynomials
The Holladay Report
Types of LASIK/LASIK History
Common IOLs
Phakic IOLs (ICLs)
Chang-Waring Chord
Dry Eye Treatment
Corneal Iron Lines
Age-Related Cataracts
Follicles and Papillae
Iridocorneal Endothelial Syndrome
Corneal Ectasias
Posterior Capsular Opacification (PCO)
Corneal Dystrophies Review
Epithelial Dystrophies
Epithelial Stromal Dystrophies
Stromal Dystrophies
Endothelial Dystrophies
Look Alike 5
Corneal Crosslinking
Intrastromal Corneal Ring Segments (Intacs)
Keratoconus Treatment Overview
“Know by Name” Cornea Studies
Artificial Iris
Ectasia, Keratoconus, and Percent Thickness Inchrease
History of IOLs
A-Constant, Lens Factor (LF), and Design Factor (DF)
Fraunhofer Lines
Pentacam Reference Bodies for Float
Corneal Thickness Spatial Profile (CTSP) and Percent Thickness Increase (PTI)
Scheimflug Imaging
Axial vs Tangential Maps
The Math of Keratometry
Keratometry from the IOLMaster700


Glaucoma Family Tree
Glaucoma Visual Field Progression
Glaucoma Staging
Angle Recession, Cyclodialysis Cleft, and Iridodialysis
Aqueous Suppression ABCs
The ISNT Rule of Glaucomatous Nerve Damage
Goldmann Applanation Tonometry
Lens Associated Glaucoma
Choroidal Effusion aka Uveal Effusion
Fuchs Uveitis Syndrome
Van Herick Technique
“Know by Name” Glaucoma Studies
Angle and Aqueous Dynamics
SLT, MLT, and ALT Settings
Ciliary Block Glaucoma aka Malignant Glaucoma aka Aqueous Misdirection Syndrome aka Vitreous Block
MIGS Summary


Cotton Wool Spots
Retinal Detachment
Posterior Vitreous Detachment
Diabetic Retinopathy
Presumed Ocular Histoplasmosis Syndrome
Persistent Fetal Vasculature
Sickle Cell Retinopathy
Uveitis Classification
HLA Associations
Look Alike 1
Look Alike 2
Look Alike 3
Look Alike 4
High Myopia
Hydroxychloroquin (Plaquenil) Toxicity
White Dot Syndromes
Know by Name Retina Studies
Refractive Changes after Retina Surgery
Intravitreal Injections


Chromatic Aberration
The Duochrome Test
Lenses as Prisms
Far Sighted and Near Sighted
Astigmatism and Cylindrical Lenses
With the Rule and Against the Rule Astigmatism
Reading a Spectacle Prescription
Manifest Refraction Cylinder
Exam Room Mirrors
Night Myopia
Far Points and Focal Points
Rayleigh Scattering, Mie Scattering, Tyndall Scattering
Optics of the Slit Lamp
Image Jump and Image Displacement


The Basic Steps of Cataract Surgery
IOL Orientation
Ophthalmic Viscosurgical Devices (OVDs)
History and Other Types of Cataract Surgery
Incisional Refractive Surgeries (LRIs)
Posterior Capsular Opacification (PCO)
Eye Angles
Phaco Settings Summary
Intravitreal Injections
Phaco Groove Depth
Posterior Capsule Rupture
Keratorefractive Surgeries
The Munnerlyn Formula
The Anderson-Kestenbaum Procedure
Posterior Capsule Rupture/Rent (PCR)
Eyelid Defect Repair
Ptosis Evaluation (MRD1)


Streak Retinoscopy Steps
Worth 4-Dot Test
Hirschberg and Krimsky Tests
Alexander’s Law
Hering’s and Sherrington’s Law
Ophthalmology Genetics
Maddox Rod Summary


Statistical Tests
Hertel Exophthalmmometer